The 47th session of the UN Commission on Population and Development (CPD) held from 7-11 April 2014, in New York, US. The main theme of the CPD session was to discuss on the progress of the implementation of the Plan of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). Opening remarks on behalf of UNGA President John Ashe stressed the need to ensure that the Cairo consensus and subsequent progress are fully integrated into the post-2015 development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
JAN ELIASSON, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, said that most maternal deaths occurred in poor countries. “As global citizens, we must not tolerate preventable deaths when we have the means to stop them,” he said.
The landmark 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development marked a major turning point in the historic push for people-centred development, placing individuals’ rights and dignity at the heart of development and setting forth an agenda for inclusive, equitable and sustainable development. Over the past two decades, the agenda had contributed to significant advances. Gender equality and women’s empowerment were gaining ground worldwide. More people were living longer, healthier lives. More girls were in school. Fewer women were dying in pregnancy and childbirth. There were more laws to protect and uphold human rights. Changing age, household and family structures as well as rapid urbanization and migration posed new challenges for human development, he said.
The Review of the Cairo Program of Action had revealed strong commitment among Member States to promote and protect sexual and reproductive health and rights and to free societies from all forms of discrimination and violence, including harmful practices such as early and forced marriages and female genital mutilation. Beyond 2014, the Program of Action had advanced a new vision for addressing population and development challenges through important lenses of dignity and human rights, health, security, governance, accountability and sustainability.
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